Community and family, loyalty and a sense of responsibility for others

characterize the social and philosophical make up of tribal societies.

My studies of immigrant workers, service men and women and their cultures, illustrate the similarities they hold with “tribal” communities.

Adversity, trauma and disasters bring people together. The interdependence we

have on each other becomes paramount, and these events address our

eternal quest for meaning. My hope is that this work will remind us that we

are a communal species and stronger as a whole.